USA Immigration Policy
The US immigration policy is quite strict, with the simplest being family-based immigrant visas. Other types of working visas include:
- Employment-based immigrant visa (EB-1, EB-2, EB-3)
- Immigrant investor visa (EB-5)
- Diversity visa
Successful applicants will obtain a Green Card USA (Permanent Resident Card), which allows them to live and work in the US.
Employment-based Immigration: First Preference (EB-1)
To qualify for EB-1, the applicant is required to demonstrate:
- EB-1 a: extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics
- EB-1 b: international recognition for outstanding achievements in an academic field
- EB-1 c: employment history as a multinational manager or executive
EB 1-a and EB 1-b require a local employer to fill in an Immigrant Petition form
Employment-based Immigration: Second Preference
To qualify for EB-2, the applicant must be a member of the professions holding an advanced degree or have exceptional ability. They must have 5 years of working experience in the field of the job they are applying for. A local employer is required to fill in an Immigrant Petition form.
Employment-based Immigration: Third Preference (EB-3)
The applicant must be a skilled worker or a professional with 2 years of working experience in their field. A local employer is required to fill in an Immigrant Petition form.
There are no restrictions on age and language requirements for applicants. All applicants of EB-1, EB-2 and EB-3 can apply for green cards for their spouse and children.
Immigrant Investor Programme (EB-5)
The minimum investment to qualify for EB-5 is $900,000 in a targeted employment area (TEA) or $1.8 million in another employment area. There are no language, education, or work experience requirements. Investors are eligible to apply for a Green Card if they make the necessary investment amount and plan to create 10 permanent full-time jobs for qualified US workers. The investor’s spouse and dependants are also eligible for a Green Card.
Diversity Immigrant Visa
Every year, the US government makes available 55,000 Green Cards by random sampling. Applicants must have completed at least a high school education or at least two years of work experience. Applicants are picked at random from a lottery regardless of their country of origin, which is one of the key differences between US migration laws and other countries.
Living in the United States of America
The US is the third most populous country in the world, with a population of 330 million. The country does not have a rich history, but it boasts of rapid advancements in technology and material culture. Its national salary, human development index, and GDP per capita consistently rank among the highest in the world. The country’s ideologies revolve around human rights, liberty, and democracy, which is why it has attracted immigrants from different cultures and has thus become one of the most diverse nations in the world.
Except for remote towns, life in the US is never lacking in entertainment. In a survey from the United Nations to assess education standards in 21 different countries, the US scored 99.4, putting it in the top spot. Many parents choose the US as a destination due to the quality of education, and they do not mind flying back and forth between Hong Kong and the US due to work obligations.